Tallinn is the capital town on Estonia and is famous of its gorgeous "Old Town", which has survived a long history of raids, invasions and annexations, but retains its medieval allure up until nowadays. A large portion of the foundations of the Old Town were laid by the Danes, who leaded the city during the 13th and 14th century, and who were said to have given Tallinn its name (Taani Linn, which means Danish city).
During this period the streets were laid down and the fortifications built.
After joining the Hanseatic League (union of trading cities), in 1285 the Tallinn enjoyed unprecedented abundance. It's position as a port and as a link between mainland Europe and Russis, enabled it to grow rapidly in size and wealth and many of the city's finest buildings were constructed during this period, which lasted until the 16th century when the Swedish claimed the city. In the time of Swedish rule more fortifications were added and the architecture took on the baroque flavour of the times.
Nowadays the Old Town's gothic and baroque splendours can still be savoured ensuring Tallinn's status as a tourist city, but outside this ancient district highrise developments of grass and steel are adding a really modern feeling to the city. IT and telecommunications and service sectors are driving the economy forward. The New York Times described Tallinn as a "sort of Silicon Valley on the Baltic Sea".
The city population is 4.4 million.